Waspadai Pukat Harimau Modifikasi di Perairan Bengkulu Waspadai Pukat Harimau Modifikasi di Perairan Bengkulu
Oleh: Muhammad Natsir Kholis, S.Pi* Bengkulu merupakan Provinsi yang di anugerahkan laut yang begitu eksotis dengan keindahan alam beserta sumberdaya lautnya.  Hal yang paling menarik... Waspadai Pukat Harimau Modifikasi di Perairan Bengkulu

Oleh: Muhammad Natsir Kholis, S.Pi*

Bengkulu merupakan Provinsi yang di anugerahkan laut yang begitu eksotis dengan keindahan alam beserta sumberdaya lautnya.  Hal yang paling menarik yaitu sumberdaya laut Bengkulu belum terexplorasi dan terexploitasi dengan baik, sehingga ada pihak-pihak yang berkepentingan dengan sengaja berbisnis dengan cara yang tidak benar sehingga berakibat terhadap keberlangsungan sumberdaya laut yang ada di Bengkulu.

Pengawas lapangan perikanan dan kelautan sering sekali kecolongan oleh alat tangkap yang biasa disebut “Pukat Harimau” yang beroperasi di perairan Bengkulu. Disebut pukat harimau, karena sifat alat tangkap ini menyapu bersih semua apapun yang ada didepannya. Alat tangkap ini sangat mirip dengan alat tangkap pukat berkantong lainnya seperti: Lampara dasar, payang, cantrang, dogol, pukat hela dan pukat pantai.

Pukat harimau itu sendiri diklasifikasikan menurut Von Brandt (1984) temasuk pukat tarik berkantong (Trawl), maka dari itu sering sekali pengawas lapangan perikanan dan kelautan tidak menyadari bahwa yang beroperasi di wilayah perairan Bengkulu adalah pukat harimau (Trawl) karena sangat sulit membedakan secara spesifik alat tangkap pukat harimau tersebut. Awalnya pukat harimau tidak dilarang dalam pengoperasiannya, tetapi akibat kerusakan yang ditimbulkannya alat tangkap ini dilarang oleh pemerintah.

Tidak hanya pukat harimau, pukat hela, pukat pantai dan pukat sejenisnya pun sudah dilarang pengoperasinnya di Wilayah Pengelolaan Perikanan (WPP) Republik Indonesia (Peraturan Menteri Perikanan dan Kelautan No.2/PERMEN-KP/2015). Alat tangkap pukat harimau ini tidak hanya merusak, tetapi juga sering menimbulkan konflik antar nelayan akibat perebutan daerah penangkapan ikan seperti kasus pukat  harimau di Bengkulu Utara dan sekitarnya.

Perbedaan yang sangat jelas terlihat antara pukat harimau dan pukat kantong lainnya yaitu dalam pengoperasiannya pukat harimau menggunakan satu atau dua kapal untuk menarik alat tangkap dengan teknik kapal yang menarik jaring. Dari kontruksi dapat dilihat alat tangkap pukat harimau menggunakan otter board (papan penarik) sedangkan pukat kantong lainnya tidak. Pukat harimau  dibagi menjadi tiga jenis yaitu: Surface trawl, mid trawl dan bottom trawl.

Pemerintah Bengkulu khususnya Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan  diharapkan dapat lebih waspada dengan trik pengusaha dalam mengelabui pengawas untuk mengoperasikan “Pukat Harimau” yang diiming-imingi alat tangkapnya telah dimodifikasi. Diharapkan juga kebijakan-kebijakan pemerintah Bengkulu lebih pro rakyat kecil-menengah untuk meningkatkan taraf hidup masyarakat pesisir.

*Penulis Merupakan Staff Departemen Kominfo Forum Pascasarjana IPB dan kandidat master of science Bidang Teknologi Penangkapan Ikan Institut Pertanian Bogor

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